The flag of the German State of Rhineland-Palatinate consists of the state’s coat of arms in the canton of a horizontal triband of black, red, and gold. The coat of arms is a shield that consists of red cross on a silver field, a six-spoke silver wheel on a red field, and a golden lion on a black field. The red cross is the cross of St George. The silver wheel is the Wheel of Mainz, a symbol of Archbishopric of Mainz. The golden lion is the Palatine Lion, a common figure that dates back to the 13th century. The triband colors of black, red, and gold are the colors of the country of Germany. This flag was adopted on May 10th, 1948.